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Transform OCD Into Empowerment

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Adults in the US have OCD...

1 in 4 children


have OCD

What Causes Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?

The causes of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) are multifaceted and not fully understood. Several theories shed light on the complex nature of OCD development:

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Learned Behaviors and Compulsions

Compulsions in OCD often begin as learned behaviors. These behaviors, initially associated with anxiety relief, can become repetitive and habitual over time.

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Brain Abnormalities

Chemical, structural, and functional abnormalities in the brain are identified as contributing factors to OCD. Neurotransmitter imbalances, alterations in brain structure (such as the orbitofrontal cortex), and dysfunction in neural circuits may play a role.

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Genetic and Hereditary Factors

There is substantial evidence suggesting a genetic and hereditary component to OCD. Individuals with a family history of OCD may be more predisposed to developing the disorder.

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Distorted Beliefs and Cognitive Factors

Distorted beliefs contribute to the initiation and perpetuation of symptoms associated with OCD. Cognitive factors, including exaggerated thoughts about harm or the need for order, play a role in the development of obsessions and compulsions.

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Interplay of Factors

OCD's development is likely influenced by a combination of factors. Genetic predisposition, brain abnormalities, and distorted beliefs may interact, triggering the onset of OCD. Furthermore, external factors like stressful life events, hormonal changes, and certain personality traits can contribute to the complexity of the disorder.

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Treatment for

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a treatable condition, and the choice of treatment depends on the impact of the disorder on an individual's life. The two primary treatments for OCD are:

  • Talking Therapy: Talking therapy, particularly a form of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) known as exposure and response prevention (ERP), is a cornerstone in treating OCD.

  • Medication: Medication, particularly a type of antidepressant called Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), is recommended when talking therapy alone is insufficient or when OCD is severe.

If you're ready to receive help with your OCD, reach out to our compassionate psychiatrists today!

TMS Therapy

Want to treat your OCD WITHOUT medication?

Learn more about TMS Therapy today!


  • What is Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation?
    Transcranial magnetic stimulation, often referred to as TMS is a noninvasive procedure that uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain to improve symptoms of depression. TMS is typically used when antidepressant medications haven’t been effective, have ceased working, or as an alternative to medication.
  • How does TMS work?
    TMS involves delivering magnetic pulses to specific parts of the brain.
  • How long is TMS treatment?
    A typical initial course of treatment is about 19-37 minutes daily over 4-6 weeks.
  • Is TMS Therapy covered by my insurance?
    A vast majority of commercial and Medicare plans have recognized the effectiveness of treating depression with TMS Therapy and now cover TMS as part of their plans.
  • Is TMS Therapy a good alternative for patients who cannot tolerate the side effects of antidepressant medications?
    TMS does not circulate in the blood throughout the body, so it does not have side effects like weight gain, sexual dysfunction, nausea, dry mouth, sedation, etc. The most common side effects reported during clinical trials were headache and scalp discomfort —generally mild to moderate—occurring less frequently after the first week of treatment
  • Is TMS Therapy like other alternative therapies that use magnets to treat some illnesses?
    No. TMS Therapy involves a unique method of using pulsed magnetic fields for a therapeutic benefit. The intensity of the magnetic field is similar to that of an MRI. These techniques differ radically from the popular use of low intensity, static magnetic fields. Those products deliver weak and undirected static fields that are not capable of activating brain cells. The activation and stimulation of brain cells is a key part of why TMS is so effective.
  • Does it hurt?
    While there may be some minor discomfort at the treatment site (where the device touches your head), it generally subsides within the first week of treatment. There is no sedation, or impact on your alertness. You can read, watch TV, or talk with your treatment coordinator during your session, and you can drive home immediately after treatment.


Comprehensive Psychiatric Services (CPS) is a leading source of support for individuals dealing with OCD. Our highly skilled professionals specialize in obsessive-compulsive disorders, providing expert and personalized care. CPS is dedicated to evidence-based treatments, thorough assessments, and a patient-centered approach, making us a premier choice for those seeking effective support for managing OCD.


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