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Behavioral Symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease or Dementia

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Adults in the US have Alzheimer’s...

4 in 10


Americans talk to their doctor

What Causes Alzheimer’s Disease?

While the precise origins of Alzheimer's disease remain elusive, scientists recognize that it likely results from a complex interplay of factors.

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Protein Accumulation

Alzheimer's is characterized by the abnormal buildup of proteins, particularly amyloid, forming plaques around brain cells.

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Age-Related Changes

The aging process contributes to changes in the brain, playing a role in the development of Alzheimer's.

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Neuronal Disruption

The accumulated proteins, especially amyloid, disrupt the normal functioning of neurons, leading to a cascade of detrimental events.

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Genetic Factors

In less than 1% of cases, specific genetic changes significantly increase the risk, often leading to the onset of Alzheimer's in middle age.

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Lifestyle Influence

Lifestyle choices and environmental factors are believed to interact with genetic predispositions, influencing the risk of Alzheimer's over time.

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If you're ready to receive help with your Alzheimer’s, reach out to our compassionate psychiatrists today!

Treatment Options for Alzheimer's Disease

There's no cure for Alzheimer’s, but treatments aim to manage symptoms and potentially slow disease progression. Drug and non-drug options exist to enhance the quality of life for individuals with Alzheimer's and support caregivers:

  • Medications for Mild to Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease: Galantamine, rivastigmine, and donepezil can be prescribed to manage cognitive and behavioral symptoms in the early to moderate stages of Alzheimer’s. These drugs prevent the breakdown of acetylcholine, a brain chemical crucial for memory and thinking.

  • Immunotherapies: Lecanemab and aducanumab target beta-amyloid protein, reducing amyloid plaques in early Alzheimer’s. Insurance coverage may be limited, and thorough evaluation, including PET scans or cerebrospinal fluid analysis, is crucial due to potential serious side effects.

  • Medications for Moderate to Severe Alzheimer’s Disease:

  1. Memantine (NMDA Antagonist): Regulates glutamate to delay symptom progression.

  2. Combination Medications: Donepezil, rivastigmine patch, and a combination of the two are approved for moderate to severe Alzheimer’s.

  • Managing Behavioral Symptoms: Brexpiprazole: An atypical antipsychotic approved for treating agitation in Alzheimer’s patients. Caution is advised due to potential side effects.​

Alzheimer’s Disease FAQs

  • What is Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation?
    Transcranial magnetic stimulation, often referred to as TMS is a noninvasive procedure that uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain to improve symptoms of depression. TMS is typically used when antidepressant medications haven’t been effective, have ceased working, or as an alternative to medication.
  • How does TMS work?
    TMS involves delivering magnetic pulses to specific parts of the brain.
  • How long is TMS treatment?
    A typical initial course of treatment is about 19-37 minutes daily over 4-6 weeks.
  • Is TMS Therapy covered by my insurance?
    A vast majority of commercial and Medicare plans have recognized the effectiveness of treating depression with TMS Therapy and now cover TMS as part of their plans.
  • Is TMS Therapy a good alternative for patients who cannot tolerate the side effects of antidepressant medications?
    TMS does not circulate in the blood throughout the body, so it does not have side effects like weight gain, sexual dysfunction, nausea, dry mouth, sedation, etc. The most common side effects reported during clinical trials were headache and scalp discomfort —generally mild to moderate—occurring less frequently after the first week of treatment
  • Is TMS Therapy like other alternative therapies that use magnets to treat some illnesses?
    No. TMS Therapy involves a unique method of using pulsed magnetic fields for a therapeutic benefit. The intensity of the magnetic field is similar to that of an MRI. These techniques differ radically from the popular use of low intensity, static magnetic fields. Those products deliver weak and undirected static fields that are not capable of activating brain cells. The activation and stimulation of brain cells is a key part of why TMS is so effective.
  • Does it hurt?
    While there may be some minor discomfort at the treatment site (where the device touches your head), it generally subsides within the first week of treatment. There is no sedation, or impact on your alertness. You can read, watch TV, or talk with your treatment coordinator during your session, and you can drive home immediately after treatment.


Comprehensive Psychiatric Services (CPS) stands as a forefront provider of compassionate assistance for individuals navigating Alzheimer's challenges. Our adept professionals specialize in addressing the complexities of Alzheimer's disease, delivering expert and personalized care. At CPS, we are committed to evidence-based treatments, thorough assessments, and a patient-centered approach, positioning us as a top choice for those seeking effective support in managing Alzheimer's.


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